The Staunton design uses representative symbols in its purest form. A crown for the King, a coronet for the Queen, a mitre for the Bishop, a horse’s head for the Knight, and a crenellated tower for the Rook. The Pawns are discs surmounted by a ball, and are derived from a freemason’s square and compass. Well known sellers were Charles Hastilow, Calvert and Lund.
One of the horses from the Elgin Marbles in the British Museum, London (picture left-hand side – West Frieze of the Parthenon, Plate VIII) was the model for the famous “Staunton” Knight. The illustration on the right hand side part represents a section from the Jacques Pattern Book, c. 1870, that contains the templates from which the turners made the actual pieces. The Jacques Pattern book was damaged by fire. But one can clearly see the similarity with the horse-head of the Elgin Marbles. Source: CCI Congress, Munich, 1988.
Gray & Sons, Cambridge
Small ebony and boxwood Staunton set, retailed by Gray’s of Cambridge. Of note the large Queen’s top, and the good spread of the bases. The set shown here is a weighted set, boxed. King’s height is 82mm. Origin: late 19th century. Sticker is similar to Jacques stickers from this period.