Important foundries were established in the Austrian Hungarian Empire. Chess sets and boards were made by the iron works of Munkacs (today Mukascevo in the Ukraine), with one of their chess sets winning a price in the Vienna World Exhibition of 1873. Through the connections of the Russian Tsar and the German Royal family, foundry experts were set to Russia to establish artistic cast iron work there. This worked very well in Kasli (Ural region) and in St. Petersburg. The Kasli factory produced three chess sets (as can be seen from their catalogue of 1904), including a copy of the Frederic II. vs. Napoleon I set, a copy of the Zimmermann Animal set as well as a set that shows Russians vs. Circassians..
Like no other foundry at the time, the E.G. Zimmermann factory in Hanau, Germany, started very early to sign its products with the company name and often included the name of the artist. Today, we know five different chess sets that bear the Zimmermann mark. These are Germans vs Romans, The Crusades, Animals (No. 11225), The 30-Year War (No. 11479) and Frederic I Barbarossa vs. Henry the Lion (No. 14687). Source: Chess Collectors International, 12th Convention, Berlin, May 200
Made during the former Austrian Hungarian Empire by the “Munkasc” foundry named after the town it was located in. Today it is called “Mukacsevo” in the Ukraine. Both sides have same design, one side gold coloured, the other side is black. This set won a price in the Vienna World Exhibition in 1873. The royal pieces are a crowned king and queen, the bishops as runners, knights and castles have flags. A folding casting board offers space for the pieces in its interior. The squares are decorated with geometrical motives for “whites” and perforated for “black”, 32x32cm. King 6.6cm, Pawn 4.1cm.
Source: CCI Cast Iron and Chess (2016).